Grammar is a bone of contention for people. While some students do not ignore grammar rules and a chance to exercise, others just hate it considering learning rules to be a tiresome activity. No matter what attitude you have towards it, grammar is a part of everyone’s life. Grammar is in the books, Internet, magazines you read and so on. If you do not know grammar rules, you simply do not know how to communicate with other people. Future Tense has different forms and ways to be expressed in English. The first widespread tense is Future Simple. However, it may seem not as simple as it is called. It includes many functions and rules of usage which we are going to tell you in details. Studying is always hard but fortunately, our professional writers who provide a precise check of the texts help people to cope with the difficulty. Someday, you will look for a high- quality service you can visit us and ask any question you are anxious about, order English editing and proofreading, or a unique essay from a scratch.
How Future Simple is formed
Tomorrow, next day, in a week.
To make a sentence in Future Simple we need an auxiliary verb will. The sentence begins with the subject, and then we put the auxiliary verb will, and finally the main verb without particle to. Probably, you know that long time ago shall was used in Future Indefinite Tense. However, today will is the only auxiliary verb which is in widespread use. Classical British English uses both shall and will for communication. It is an interesting fact that shall is used with the pronouns I and we, the rest of pronouns - you, he, she, it, they are used with will. You probably wonder why we do not use shall on a par with will. American English uses exclusively will in the Future Indefinite Tense constructions, due to Americans prefer to make everything elementary. The usage of shall we are going to explain next in the article. Both shall and will have at least five meanings and cases of usage. If you use the shortened variant of will or shall, you cannot say which one is used as they look similar. However, in the formal letters, newspapers, documents it matters and you have to use a definite auxiliary verb.
Subject + will+ verb
I will do…
You will go
He, she, it will do…
They will go
We will do…
Will have a shortened form, if to combine it with the pronoun: I’ll go, you’ll go.
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A negative construction is formed by the previous example of the statement and add the particle not.
Subject + will + not + verb
I will not agree…
You will not do…
He, she, it will not take…
They will not go…
We will not try…
The auxiliary verb will also can be shortened and it is absolutely changed: won’t
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The interrogative question in Future Indefinite Tense begins with will, after which the subject follows and the main verb.
Will + subject + verb
Will I go? Will they go?
Will you go? Will we go?
Will he, she, it go?
Special questions are formed with the help of interrogative words like what, where, when, why, who, how. The question begins with one of the interrogative words and the words’ order is the same as in the Future Indefinite question.
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The placement of the adverbs
Students usually put words in the wrong order, especially adverbs: only, always, just, never, still, etc.
This is all that you should learn to form sentences in the Future Simple correctly and avoid making phrases that don’t make any sense. As for the usage of Future Simple, there are a few aspects when we use it.
1. When we think about an action that happens once in the future.
2. If the events repeat in the future.
The words that express the action in the future are used in this case: tomorrow, next day, tonight, soon, in a month.
3. When we make up one’s mind and the decision is usually spontaneous.
4. When we assume that something is going to happen.
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You should note in such sentences the words that denote a doubt or confidence: believe, think, wonder, hope, be sure, probably, perhaps, etc.
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5. Will play not only a role of an auxiliary verb but modal. Will can express a few meanings:
To understand the right meaning of these cases you should learn English punctuation tips as a single punctuation mark changes a lot.
6. Every second student probably is aware of the fact that we don’t use will after if. However, to break this rule is possible in the following cases:
When if is used not in case of a condition but to ask an indirect question. Indirect or oblique question is a subordinate clause that begins with if or whether but it is not considered a question.
We can use will after if in case of asserting own opinion.
Will is used as a modal verb when we show the unwillingness to do something and the meaning of it does not refer to the Future but the Present Tense.
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7. When we speak about planned meetings, events, etc.
8. Will is used in conditional sentences type 1, when the actions are likely to happen in the present or future.
We also use unless and an affirmative verb.
9. Shall is an archaic auxiliary verb for Future tense but still, it can be used if you want to ask an opinion:
Shall can be used to express the duty of something or somebody:
The lack of understanding, when to use shall or will, does not have to scare you as you always can rely on the services we provide for students.
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10. The distinction between will and to be going to.
The construction to be going to is used when we speak about the action we plan to do or what is going to happen.
It is formed the following way: subject + to be (am, is, are) going to + action.
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So, what is the difference between to be going to and will?
Students very often misunderstand the meaning and grammar skills improvement is needed. The usage of the construction to be going to is similar to the usage of will and they often can replace each other. However, there’s a distinction. To be going to we use when the action is planned or the decision is weighted in advance:
Will is used when you want to do something but still, you are not sure about this decision:
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11. Time Clause
Future Simple is not used in Time Clauses. This type of sentences usually begins with the expressions: when, as soon as, if, by the time, etc.
Future Indefinite In the Past
It is a Future Tense in the past that is used to express the action in the future from the past point of view. It sounds weird and unclear but let we explain it so you will avoid popular grammar mistakes. It is used to narrate the story about the past events which are represented by the indirect speech of someone.
Future Indefinite in the Past is formed with the auxiliary verbs would/should and the infinitive form of the verb but without particle to.
The shortened form of would = I’d, you’d, he’d.
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Future Simple in the Past is used in subordinate clauses, if the subject reflects the past action.
Future Simple in the Past is also used when the story about past events includes future actions.
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Future Simple Passive
It is used when we talk about the action that happens in the future. However, the peculiarity of the tense is that the accent not on the action but those who do it.
The most typical cases of Future Simple Passive usage:
To form Present Simple Passive we need:
Place a subject of the action first, then we put the verb to be in the Future Simple – will be and the last one, we put the verb in the Past Tense. If the verb is regular then you add ed and if the verb is irregular then we use the 3d form of it.
If you want to name by whom the action will be done, you need to put a preposition by in the end:
If you want to say that the action will be done with the help of somebody or something, you need to use a preposition with:
As you see Future Simple can be used in different cases. These rules and examples help you to understand English better if you learn all of it. Practicing foreign language means making efforts. However, we also suggest you some advice how to learn tense faster whether it is Future Simple or Present Tense:
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What you definitely do not know about Future Tense
The auxiliary verb shall is from Old English word sceal akin to Old High German scal that means ought to, must. The first use of shall dated before 12th century. Will is from Old English wyllan which akin to Old High German wili. Most of the linguists say that English Future Simple does not exist. When we speak about any tense we use the appropriate auxiliary verbs to bring the right meaning. However, in Future Simple, the verb cannot be changed in its form. Tense has to have a special ending for the verb so it can be named a definite tense.
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